Arms Trade with China

Albania
R: China    (12)    MiG-19PM/Farmer    Fighter aircraft    (1965)    1966    (12)    Ex-Albanian; partly exchanged for 70 F-6 combat aircraft
   
France
R: China    15    SA-316B Alouette-3    Light helicopter    (1967)    1967    15    Deal worth FFR20 m
             4    SA-321G Super Frelon    ASW helicopter    1973    1977-1978    (4)    Chinese designation Z-8
             (9)    SA-321H Super Frelon    Helicopter    1973    1977-1978    (9)    SA-321M version; Chinese designation Z-8
             (4)    SS-12    ASW sonar    (1986)    1987    (4)    For 2 Type-037/1 (Haijiu) and 2 Type-037 (Hainan) patrol craft produced in China
             (240)    HOT-2    Anti-tank missile    1987    1988-1989    (240)    Deal worth $29.7 m incl 8 SA-342L helicopters
             8    SA-342 Gazelle    Light helicopter    1987    1988-1989    (8)    Part of $29.7 m deal; armed version (with anti-tank missiles); deal incl Chinese involvement in development of EC-120 (P-120L) helicopter
             (2)    Compact 100mm    Naval gun    (1988)    1989    (2)    Incl for 1 Jianghu-2 Class (Type-053) frigate
             2    DUBV-23    ASW sonar    (1988)    1991    2    For 2 Type-051 (Luda) destroyers produced in China; produced in China as SJD-7
             2    DUBV-23    ASW sonar    (1990)    1994-1996    2    For 2 Type-052 (Luhu) frigates produced in China; produced in China as SJD-7
             2    DUBV-43    ASW sonar    (1990)    1994-1996    2    For 2 Type-052 (Luhu) frigates produced in China; produced in China as SJD-7
             (25)    SS-12    ASW sonar    (1991)    1993-2001    (25)    For 25 Type-037-1 (Haiqing) patrol craft produced in China
             1    DUBV-23    ASW sonar    (1996)    1999    1    For 1 Type-051B (Luhai) frigate produced in China; produced in China as SJD-7
             4    PC-2.5    Diesel engine    (2001)    2004    4    For 2 Fuchi support ships produced in China; designation uncertain
             10    PC-2.5    Diesel engine    (2005)    2007-2008    6    PC-2.6 version; for 2 Type-071 (Yuzhao) AALS and 1 Danyao support ship produced in China

L: China    . .    Crotale    SAM system    (1978)    1992-2010    (38)    Produced in China as HQ-7 (FM-80) and FM-90
             . .    R-440 Crotale    SAM    (1978)    1990-2010    (1900)    Incl R-440N version; for Crotale (HQ-7) SAM systems and for Type-052 (Luhu), Type-051B (Luhai) and  modernized Type-051 (Luda-1) destroyers and Type-054 (Jiangkai) and Type-053H3 (Jiangwei-2) frigates; Chinese designation HQ-7 (US designation CSA-4 and CSA-N-4)
             (30)    AS-365/AS-565 Panther    Helicopter    1980    1982-1991    (30)    AS-365N version; Chinese designation Z-9/Z-9A Haitun
             . .    AS-565SA Panther    ASW helicopter    (1980)    1989-2010    (30)    AS-365F version; Chinese designation Z-9C Haitun
             (12)    SA-321G Super Frelon    ASW helicopter    (1981)    1989-1997    (12)    Chinese designation Z-8C
             (10)    SA-321 Super Frelon    Helicopter    (1981)    2001-2005    (10)    Chinese designation Z-8A, Z-8S and Z-8JH
             (14)    Castor-2    Fire control radar    (1986)    1994-2002    (14)    For 2 Luhu (Type-052), 1 Luhai and modernization of 3 Luda-1 (Type-051) destroyers and for 8 Jiangwei-2 frigates; probably assembled/produced in China; for use with Crotale EDIR (Chinese designation HQ-7) SAM system
             (8)    DRBV-15 Sea Tiger    Air/sea search radar    1986    1987-2008    (7)    For 2 Type-052 (Luhu) and 2 Type-051 (Luhai) and modernization of 2 Type-051 (Luda-1) destroyers and for 2 Type-071 (Yuzhao) AALS; probably produced in China as Type-363
             . .    AS-365/AS-565 Panther    Helicopter    1988    1992-2010    (68)    Chinese designation Z-9A or Z-9A-100 Haitun and Z-9B/G; incl WZ-9 anti-tank version
             (61)    PA-6    Diesel engine    (1990)    1991-2010    (53)    For 2 Type-054 (Jiangkai-1) and 8 Type-054 (Jiankai-2) frigates and 7 Type-037/2 (Houjian or Huang) FACproduced in China
             . .    AS-350/AS-550 Fennec    Light helicopter    (1992)    1995-2010    (55)    Chinese designation Z-11; incl Z-11W armed version
             8    Compact 100mm    Naval gun    (2001)    2004-2007    8    For 2 Type-051C (Luzhou) and 4 Type-052 (Luyang) destroyers and 2 Type-054 (Jiangkai)) frigates produced in China
   
Germany (FRG)
R: China    3    8RL-B66    Diesel engine    (1975)    1979-1980    (3)    For 3 Fuqing support ships produced in China
             14    MTU-1163    Diesel engine    (1987)    1994-2005    14    For 4 Luyang, 1 Luhai and 2 Luhu destroyers produced in China
             (4)    MTU-493    Diesel engine    (1989)    1999    4    For 1 Type-039 (Song) submarine produced in China
             . .    MTU-883    Diesel engine    (1989)    1998-2010    (325)    For Type-98 (ZTZ-98) and Type-99 (ZTZ-99) tanks produced in China; incl 150HB883 version
             4    MTU-396    Diesel engine    1991    1999    4    For 1 Type-039 (Song) submarine produced in China

L: China    (1200)    Type-6150L    Diesel engine    (1965)    1966-1981    (1200)    For YW-531/Type-63 APC and WZ-302/Type-70 self-propelled gun produced in China
             (4000)    BF8L    Diesel engine    (1981)    1982-2006    (4000)    For YW-531/Type-63, YW-531H/Type-85, YW-534/Type-89, Type-90/YW-535, WZ-551 and WMZ-551 APC (incl IFV and other versions), Assaulter tank destroyer and Type-85 self-propelled gun produced in China; BF-8L413 and BF-8L513 version
             (100)    BF-12L413    Diesel engine    (1995)    1996-2000    (100)    For PZL-45 self-propelled gun produced in China; BF12L413FC version; probably assembled/produced in China
             (48)    MTU-396    Diesel engine    (2000)    2001-2006    48    For 12 Type-039G (Song) submarines produced in China; probably produced in China
   
Israel
R: China    (50)    Harpy    Anti-radar UAV    (1998)    1998-1999    (50)   

L: China    (3000)    Python-3    SRAAM    1990    1990-2001    (3000)    Chinese designation PL-8; possibly also for use as SAM; no. could be much lower or higher
   
Italy
R: China    (40)    A-244 324mm    ASW torpedo    (1985)    1986-1987    (40)   
             (200)    Aspide Mk-1    BVRAAM    (1986)    1987-1991    (200)    Probably for F-8-II (J-8-II) combat aircraft; technology probably used in development of PL-11
   
Japan
R: China    3    Jinhou    Tanker    (1987)    1989-1990    (3)   
   
Russia
R: China    (300)    R-73/AA-11 Archer    SRAAM    (1991)    1992    (300)    For Su-27 combat aircraft; ordered from Soviet Union and delivered from Russia after break-up of Soviet Union
             24    Su-27S/Flanker-B    FGA aircraft    1991    1992    (24)    $700 m deal (offsets 40%); incl 4 Su-27UBK; ordered from Soviet Union and delivered from Russia after break-up of Soviet Union
             (150)    5V55R/SA-10C Grumble    SAM    1992    1993-1997    (150)   
             (1)    76N6/Clam Shell    Air search radar    1992    1993    (1)    For use with S-300PMU (SA-10) SAM systems
             10    Il-76M/Candid-B    Transport aircraft    1992    1993    (10)    $200 m deal (offsets 60% as barter); incl 3 for military-owned airline
             (4)    S-300PMU-1/SA-20A    SAM system    1992    1993-1997    (4)    No. could be 6
             (1)    ST-68U/Tin Shield    Air search radar    1992    1993    (1)    For use with S-300PMU (SA-10) SAM systems
             2    Su-27S/Flanker-B    FGA aircraft    1992    1992    2    Su-27UBK version; original order for 12 Su-27SK reduced to 2 Su-27UBK
             75    53-65    AS torpedo    (1993)    1995-1999    (75)    For Kilo submarines
             (75)    TEST-71    AS/ASW torpedo    (1993)    1995-1999    (75)    For Type-877 and Type-636 (Kilo) submarines
             2    Type-636E/Kilo    Submarine    1993    1997-1999    2   
             2    Type-877E/Kilo    Submarine    1993    1995    2    Originally built for Poland and Romania but cancelled
             (35)    Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    1995    1996-1997    (35)    Mi-171 version
             (3000)    R-73/AA-11 Archer    SRAAM    (1995)    1996-2004    (3000)    For Su-27 and Su-30 combat aircraft
             24    Su-27S/Flanker-B    FGA aircraft    1995    1996-1997    24    $2.2 b deal; incl 2 to 10 Su-27UBK
             (150)    9M38/SA-11 Gadfly    SAM    1996    1999-2001    (150)    9M38M1 (SA-N-7) version; for Sovremenny (Hangzhou) destroyers
             (2)    Ka-27PL/Helix-A    ASW helicopter    (1996)    1997    (2)    Ka-28PL version
             2    Sovremenny    Destroyer    1996    1999-2001    2    Type-956E version; originally ordered for Soviet Union/Russia but cancelled before completion and sold to China
             (400)    9M338/SA-15 Gauntlet    SAM    (1997)    1999    (400)    For Tor-M1 SAM systems
             (15)    Tor-M1/SA-15    Mobile SAM system    (1997)    1999    (15)   
             (500)    9M338/SA-15 Gauntlet    SAM    1998    2000    (500)    For Tor-M1 SAM systems; payment for debt
             (5)    Ka-27PL/Helix-A    ASW helicopter    1998    1999    (5)    Ka-28PL version
             (3)    Ka-32/Helix-C    Helicopter    1998    1999    (3)    Ka-28PS SAR version
             (15)    Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    (1998)    1999-2000    (15)    Mi-171 version
             (20)    Tor-M1/SA-15    Mobile SAM system    1998    2000    (20)    Payment of debt
             (100)    Kh-29/AS-14 Kedge    ASM    (1999)    2001-2002    (100)    Incl for Su-27SK and Su-30MKK combat aircraft
             (150)    Kh-59ME/AS-18 Kazoo    ASM    (1999)    2004-2006    (150)    Incl for Su-30 combat aircraft
             6    Mineral/Band Stand    Surface search radar    (1999)    2004-2007    6    For 2 Type-052B (Luyang), 2 Type-052C (Luyang-2) and 2 Type-051C (Luzhou) destroyers produced in China
             28    Su-27S/Flanker-B    FGA aircraft    1999    2000-2002    28    $1 b deal (payment for debt); Su-27UBK version
             38    Su-30MK/Flanker    FGA aircraft    1999    2000-2001    38    $1.5-$2 b deal; Su-30MKK version
             54    AL-31    Turbofan    2000    2001-2005    (54)    For J-10 combat aircraft produced in China
             (1)    Il-76M/Candid-B    Transport aircraft    (2000)    2002    1    Sold via Russia; originally to be modified to A-50I AEW&C aircraft in Israel but AEW order cancelled and aircraft delivered to China without AEW systems
             (50)    Moskit/SS-N-22    Anti-ship missile    2000    2000    (50)    For Sovremenny (Hangzhou) destroyers
             (750)    RVV-AE/AA-12 Adder    BVRAAM    (2000)    2002-2009    (750)    For Su-27SK and Su-30MKK combat aircraft
             (150)    48N6/SA-10D Grumble    SAM    2001    2002    (150)   
             (150)    9M317/SA-17 Grizzly    SAM    (2001)    2004    (150)    9M38M2 (SA-N-12) version; for Type-052B destroyers
             (35)    Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    (2001)    2002-2003    (35)    Mi-17-V5 (Mi-8MTV-5) version
             8    MR-90/Front Dome    Fire control radar    (2001)    2004    8    For use with 9M38M2 (SA-N-12) SAM on 2 Type-052B (Luyang-1 or Guangzhou) destroyers produced in China
             (4)    S-300PMU-1/SA-20A    SAM system    2001    2003-2004    (4)    $400 m deal (partly payment for debt); no. could be 6
             38    Su-30MK/Flanker    FGA aircraft    2001    2002-2003    38    $2 b deal; Su-30MKK version
             100    Zhuk    Aircraft radar    2001    2001-2005    (100)    Zhuk-8 version; for modernization of J-8B (J-8-IIM) combat aircraft
             (150)    3M-54 Klub/SS-N-27    Anti-ship missile    2002    2005-2009    (150)    For modernized and new Kilo submarines; probably incl 3M14E land-attack version
             (150)    48N6/SA-10D Grumble    SAM    (2002)    2006-2007    (150)    SA-N-20 version; for Type-051C (Luzhou or Shenyang) destroyers
             (150)    53-65    AS torpedo    (2002)    2005-2006    (150)    For Kilo submarines
             (200)    9M311/SA-19 Grison    SAM    (2002)    2005-2006    (200)    For Kashtan AD system on Sovremenny destroyers
             (150)    9M38/SA-11 Gadfly    SAM    (2002)    2005-2006    (150)    9M38M1 (SA-N-7) version; for Sovremenny (Hangzhou) destroyers
             (90)    AK-630 30mm    Naval gun    (2002)    2004-2010    (78)    For 2 Type-054 (Jiangkai-1) frigates, 70 Type-022 (Houbei) FAC and 2 Type-071 (Yuzhao) AALS produced in China and 4 Zubr landing craft from Ukraine; possibly produced in China
             (35)    Moskit/SS-N-22    Anti-ship missile    (2002)    2005-2006    (35)    P-270 Moskit (3M80MBE) version; for Sovremenny (Hangzhou) destroyers
             2    S-300FM/SA-N-20    Naval SAM system    (2002)    2006-2007    2    For 2 Type-051C (Luzhou or Shenyang) destroyers produced in China
             2    Sovremenny    Destroyer    2002    2005-2006    2    $1-1.5 b deal; Type-956EM version; option on 2 more
             (150)    TEST-71    AS/ASW torpedo    (2002)    2005-2006    (150)    For Type-636 (Kilo) submarines
             8    Type-636E/Kilo    Submarine    2002    2004-2006    (8)    $1.5-2 b deal
             1    Zmei/Sea Dragon    MP aircraft radar    2002    2003    (1)    For use on balloon for surveillance of Taiwan Strait
             24    Su-30MK/Flanker    FGA aircraft    2003    2004    24    $1 b deal; Su-30MKK2 naval attack version
             (297)    48N6E2/SA-10E    SAM    2004    2007-2008    (297)   
             . .    AS-18MK    Anti-ship missile    (2004)    2008-2010    (60)    For Su-30 combat aircraft; probably Kh-59MK2 version developed for and funded by China
             8    S-300PMU-2/SA-20B    SAM system    2004    2007-2008    (8)    $980 m deal
             (10)    AK-176M 76mm    Naval gun    (2005)    2008-2010    (7)    For 8 Type-054A (Jiangkai-2) frigates and 2 Type-071 (Yuzhao) AALS produced in China
             (100)    AL-31    Turbofan    2005    2005-2008    (100)    For J-10 combat aircraft produced in China
             (32)    MR-90/Front Dome    Fire control radar    (2005)    2008-2010    (24)    For 8 Type-054A (Jiangkai-2) frigates produced in China; for use with HHQ-16 SAM; possibly produced in China
             (300)    48N6E2/SA-10E    SAM    2006    2008-2009    (300)   
             (9)    Ka-27PL/Helix-A    ASW helicopter    (2006)    2009-2010    (9)    Ka-28PL version
             9    Ka-31/Helix    AEW helicopter    (2006)    2010    (3)    Delivery probably 2010-2011
             24    Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    2006    2006-2007    24    $200 m deal; Mi-17 version
             8    S-300PMU-2/SA-20B    SAM system    2006    2008-2009    (8)   
             (122)    AL-31    Turbofan    2009    2010    (10)    AL-31FN version; for J-10 combat aircraft produced in China
             55    D-30    Turbofan    2009    2010    (5)    Probably for modernization of Il-76 transport aircraft or for H-6K bomber aircraft produced in China; option on 33 more
             4    MR-123/Bass Tilt    Fire control radar    (2009)            For 4 Zubr landing craft from Ukraine

L: China    (105)    Su-27S/Flanker-B    FGA aircraft    1996    1998-2007    (105)    Part of $1.5-2.5 b deal for 200 but about 95 cancelled; assembled from kits; Chinese designation J-11
             . .    Kh-31A1/AS-17    Anti-ship missile    (1997)    2001-2010    (610)    Kh-31A and Kh-31P or Kh-31AMK and Kh-31PMK version; for Su-30, J-8M and/or JH-7 combat aircraft; including production of Kh-31P in China as KR-1, YJ-9 or YJ-91
             (1100)    Krasnopol-M    Guided shell    (1997)    1998-2002    (1100)    Probably incl production in China as Red Soil; incl for use in China for development of GP-1
             . .    9M119/AT-11 Sniper    Anti-tank missile    (1998)    2001-2010    (1000)    For Type-98 and Type-99 tanks
             (12)    Fregat/Top Plate    Air search radar    (2001)    2004-2010    (10)    For 2 Type-051C (Luzhou or Shenyang), 2 Type-052B (Luyang-1 or Guangzhou) destroyers and 8 Type-054A (Jiangkai-2) frigates produced in China; probably produced (possibly without license) in China
                 Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    (2005)    2007-2010    (7)    Mi-171 version
             (8)    Mineral/Band Stand    Surface search radar    (2005)    2008-2010    (6)    For 8 Type-054A (Jiangkai-2) frigates produced in China; probably produced (possibly without license) in China
   
Switzerland
R: China    . .    Skyguard    Fire control radar    (1995)    1997-2009    (120)    For use with GDF 35mm AA guns and possibly HQ-7 (FM-80) SAM systems

L: China    . .    GDF 35mm    AA gun    (1995)    1997-2010    (260)    Chinese designation Type-90
   
UK
R: China    (1)    Watchman    Air search radar    (1986)    1987    (1)   
             140    Spey    Turbofan    (1988)    1988-2004    (140)    For JH-7 combat aircraft produced in China (including for prototypes); incl some 80 ex-UK
             (6)    Searchwater    AEW radar    1996    1999-2001    (6)    $62-66 m deal; for Y-8J MP aircraft; status of last 4 uncertain; no. may be 8

L: China    . .    Spey    Turbofan    (1988)    2004-2010    (160)    For JH-7 combat aircraft produced in China; Chinese designation WS-9
   
Ukraine
R: China    (250)    R-27/AA-10 Alamo    BVRAAM    (1991)    1992-1994    (250)    For Su-27SK combat aircraft; R-27R-1 and probably R-27ER version
             4    DT-59    Gas turbine    (1992)    1996-1999    4    For 1 Luhu and 1 Luhai destroyer produced in China
             (2000)    R-27/AA-10 Alamo    BVRAAM    (1995)    2000-2009    (2000)    For Su-27SK and Su-30MKK combat aircraft; incl R-27ER (AA-10C) and R-27ET (AA-10D) version
             58    AI-25/DV-2    Turbofan    1997    1997-2004    (58)    For JL-8 (K-8) trainer aircraft produced in China
             3    2S9 120mm    Self-propelled gun    (1999)    2000    3    Probably ex-Ukrainian
             (24)    R-73/AA-11 Archer    SRAAM    (1999)    2000    (24)    Possibly ex-Ukrainian
             (12)    Kh-55/AS-15 Kent    ALCM    (2000)    2001    (12)    Ex-Ukrainian; illegal deal (with documents giving Russia as recipient)
             4    Kolchnya    Air search system    (2000)    2002    (4)   
             (8)    DT-59    Gas turbine    (2001)    2004-2005    8    For 4 Luyang (Type-052B/C) destroyers produced in China; DA-80 version
             (42)    AI-25/DV-2    Turbofan    (2004)    2005-2009    (42)    For JL-8 (K-8) trainer aircraft produced in China
                 AI-222    Turbofan    (2010)            For L-15 trainer aircraft produced in China; AI-222-25F or AI-222K-35 version; possibly produced in China

L: China    1    Fedko    Tanker    1992    1993    1    Designed as civilian tanker and modified in China to naval tanker/supply ship; Chinese designation Fusu or Nanyun
             4    Zubr/Pomornik    ACV/landing craft    2009            $315 m deal; incl 2 produced in China
   
USA
R: China    24    S-70/UH-60 Blackhawk    Helicopter    1984    1984-1985    24    $140 m deal; S-70C-2 version
             (2)    LM-2500    Gas turbine    (1985)    1994    2    For 1 Luhu destroyer produced in China
             2    AN/TPQ-37 Firefinder    Arty locating radar    (1987)    1988    2    Originally $63 m deal for 4 but last 2 cancelled after US embargo on delivery
             6    TFE-731    Turbofan    (1989)    1995-1996    (6)    For 6 K-8 trainer aircraft produced in China
             1    Boeing-737NG    Transport aircraft    1998    1999    1    Boeing-737-800 version; operated by air force probably only or mainly for government VIP transport

L: China    (1)    TH-28/480    Light helicopter    1993    1993    1    Assembled from kit in China
   
USSR
R: China    (600)    BM-13 132mm    Self-propelled MRL    (1949)    1950-1955    (600)    Ex-Soviet
             (100)    Il-10/Beast    Ground attack ac    (1949)    1950    (100)    Possibly ex-Soviet (but maximum only few years old) and/or B-33 version from Czechoslovak production line
             (50)    ISU-122    Self-propelled gun    (1949)    1950-1951    (50)    Ex-Soviet
             (50)    ISU-152    Self-propelled gun    (1949)    1950-1951    (50)    Possibly ex-Soviet
             (200)    La-11/Fang    Fighter aircraft    (1949)    1950-1951    (200)   
             (50)    La-9/Fritz    Fighter aircraft    (1949)    1950    (50)    Ex-Soviet
             (50)    Li-2T/Cab    Transport aircraft    (1949)    1950-1952    (50)   
             (750)    MiG-15/Fagot    Fighter aircraft    (1949)    1950-1952    (750)    Aid
             (50)    MiG-15UTI/Midget    Trainer aircraft    (1949)    1951-1952    (50)   
             (20)    MiG-9/Fargo    Fighter aircraft    (1949)    1950    (20)   
             (2500)    T-34/85    Tank    (1949)    1950-1954    (2500)    Possibly ex-Soviet; possibly incl from Czechoslovak production line; probably more delivered before 1950
             (75)    Tu-2S/Bat    Bomber aircraft    1949    1950    (75)    Ex-Soviet; Chinese designation Du-2
             (50)    Yak-11/Moose    Trainer aircraft    (1949)    1950    (50)   
             (300)    IS-2    Tank    (1950)    1950-1953    (300)    Ex-Soviet
             (20)    Yak-17UTI/Magnet    Trainer aircraft    (1950)    1950    (20)   
             (20)    Il-12/Coach    Transport aircraft    (1951)    1952    (20)    Ex-Soviet Air Force
             (1500)    MiG-15bis/Fagot    Fighter aircraft    (1951)    1952-1954    (1500)    Chinese designation J-2 (F-2); planned licensed production abandoned
             (70)    Project-123/P-4    FAC    (1951)    1952-1953    (70)    Incl some probably assembled in China
             (500)    Il-28/Beagle    Bomber aircraft    (1952)    1952-1958    (500)    Chinese designation H-5 (B-5); copied in China after 1960 break with Soviet Union
             (50)    Yak-12/Creek    Light aircraft    (1952)    1953    (50)   
             20    Be-6/Madge    ASW aircraft    (1953)    1954-1955    (20)    For Navy
             (50)    Il-14/Crate    Transport aircraft    (1953)    1954-1956    (50)   
             (40)    Mi-1/Hare    Light helicopter    (1953)    1954-1955    (40)   
             (13)    Tu-4/Bull    Bomber aircraft    (1953)    1953-1954    13    Ex-Soviet; Chinese designation Du-4
             6    Artillerist    Patrol craft    (1954)    1955    (6)    Ex-Soviet
             4    Gordy    Destroyer    (1954)    1954-1955    4    Ex-Soviet
             2    M Type    Submarine    1954    1954    2    Ex-Soviet
             (250)    PT-76    Light tank    (1954)    1956-1960    (250)    Possibly incl production in China
             2    Shchuka    Submarine    1954    1954    2    Ex-Soviet; loan; for training
             2    S Type    Submarine    (1954)    1954    2    Ex-Soviet
             (3000)    T-54    Tank    (1954)    1956-1961    (3000)    After Chino-Soviet break copied in China as Type-59
             (500)    BM-14 140mm    Self-propelled MRL    (1955)    1955-1959    (500)   
             (200)    IS-3    Tank    (1955)    1955-1958    (200)    Ex-Soviet
             (100)    BTR-152    APC    (1956)    1957-1960    (100)    Later copied and produced in China as Type-56
             (100)    BTR-40    APC    (1956)    1957-1960    (100)    Later copied and produced in China as Type-55
             2    M-XV Type    Submarine    (1957)    1957    2    Ex-Soviet
             (4)    P-12/Spoon Rest    Air search radar    (1957)    1957-1958    (4)    For use with SA-2 SAM systems
             (120)    SA-2 Guideline    SAM    (1957)    1958-1963    (120)    Incl assembly/production in China; more produced in China as HQ-1 after Chino-Soviet break; later developed to HQ-2 SAM
             2    S Type    Submarine    (1957)    1957    2    Ex-Soviet
             (5)    Tu-16/Badger    Bomber aircraft    1957    1959    (5)    Tu-16A (Badger-A) version; incl 3 assembled from kits in China; Chinese designation H-6 (B-6); more produced after 1960 Sino-Soviet break
             (10)    D-20 152mm    Towed gun    (1958)    1960    (10)    Later copied and produced in China as Type-66
             (1)    MiG-17PF/Fresco-D    Fighter aircraft    (1958)    1960    (1)    Planned production in China stopped by Chino-Soviet break, but later copied and produced as J-5A (F-5A)
             (250)    SET-53    ASW torpedo    (1958)    1958-1960    (250)    Possibly produced in China as Yu-4 after 1960 Sino-Soviet break-up
             (10)    SM-4-1B 130mm    Towed gun    (1958)    1958    (10)   
             (200)    K-5/AA-1 Alkali    SRAAM    (1959)    1959-1960    (200)    For MiG-19PF/PM combat aircraft; later copied and produced in China as PL-1
             (100)    P-15/SS-N-2A Styx    Anti-ship missile    (1959)    1960-1963    (100)    Copied and produced as HY-1 in China after Sino-Soviet break-up
             (25)    R-13S/AA-2 Atoll    SRAAM    (1959)    1960    (25)    For Mig-21F combat aircraft; later copied as PL-2
             4    Romeo/Type-633    Submarine    (1959)    1960    (4)    More produced in China after 1960 Sino-Soviet break
             (24)    KS-1/AS-1 Kennel    Anti-ship missile    (1960)    1960-1961    (24)    S-2 (SS-C-2b Samlet) coast defence version
             (10)    M-46 130mm    Towed gun    (1960)    1960    (10)    Later copied and built in China as Type-59
             2    SO-1    Patrol craft    (1960)    1960    2    Ex-Soviet
             (4)    SS-C-2 CDS    Coast defence system    (1960)    1960-1961    (4)   
             20    MiG-21F/Fishbed-C    Fighter aircraft    (1961)    1961    (20)    Incl some assembled in China
             7    Type-205/Osa    FAC    (1964)    1965-1968    (7)    Osa-1 version; prior to Chinese production of improved version as Huangfen
             (4)    Type-183/Komar    FAC    (1965)    1965-1967    (4)    Prior to Chinese production of improved version as Hegu
             (5)    Il-18/Coot    Transport aircraft    (1968)    1968    (5)   
             24    Mi-8/Mi-17/Hip-H    Helicopter    1990    1990-1991    (24)   
             (125)    R-27/AA-10 Alamo    BVRAAM    (1991)    1991    (125)    For Su-27SK combat aircraft; probably R-27R and R-27ER version
             (1)    Yak-42/Clobber    Transport aircraft    (1991)    1991    (1)   

L: China    (3000)    M-30 122mm    Towed gun    (1949)    1950-1961    (3000)    Chinese designation Type-54 and Type-54-1; most probably assembed/produced in China; more produced after 1960 Chino-Soviet break
             (450)    Yak-18/Max    Trainer aircraft    (1949)    1950-1958    (450)    Most assembled/produced in China as CJ-5; later developed in China to CJ-6 (BT-6)
             (16)    B-34 L/56 100mm    Naval gun    (1953)    1955    (16)    For modernization of 7 ex-Japanese frigates and 2 former merchant ships
             (2017)    MiG-17/Fresco    Fighter aircraft    (1953)    1953-1959    (2017)    767 assembled/produced in China; Chinese designation J-4 (F-4) and J-5 (F-5);
             (150)    An-2/Colt    Light transport ac    (1954)    1954-1961    (150)    Most produced in China; Chinese designation Y-5 (C-5); more produced after Chino-Soviet break in 1960
             20    Kronstadt    Patrol craft    (1954)    1955-1957    20    Incl 6 ex-Soviet (but only few years old) and 14 produced in China
             4    Riga    Frigate    (1954)    1958-1959    4    Chinese designation Chengdu
             (28)    T-43/Type-010    Minesweeper    (1954)    1954-1965    (28)    Most assembled/produced in China; Chinese designation Type-010; more produced after 1960 Sino-Soviet break
             (21)    Whiskey/Type-613    Submarine    (1954)    1956-1964    (21)    2 assembled from kits and rest produced in China
             (100)    Mi-4A/Hound-A    Helicopter    (1955)    1956-1961    (100)    Incl assembly/production in China as Z-5 (H-5); more produced after 1960 Chino-Soviet break
             (150)    MiG-15UTI/Midget    Trainer aircraft    (1955)    1959-1961    (150)    Chinese designation JJ-2 (FT-2); more produced after 1960 Chino-Soviet break
             (45)    Project-183/P-6    FAC    (1955)    1956-1961    (45)    More produced after 1960 Chino-Soviet break
             (300)    MiG-19/Farmer    Fighter aircraft    (1957)    1958-1961    (300)    Most assembled/produced in China; Chinese designation J-6 (F-6); more produced after 1960 Chino-Soviet break
             (5)    S-75 Dvina/SA-2    SAM system    (1957)    1958-1963    (5)    Incl assembly/production in China; more produced in China as HQ-1 after Sino-Soviet break; later developed to HQ-2 SAM
             1    Type-629/Golf    SSB    (1959)    1966    1    Assembled in China; assembly delayed after 1960 break with Soviet Union; mainly for testing of Chinese submarine-launched ballistic missiles

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